Design for Optimization of Solatube Lighting System and Lights with GA-PID Controller

  • Setya Dwi Koerniawan Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia
  • Andi Adriansyah Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia
  • Abu Ubaidah Shamsudin Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
Abstract viewed: 351 times
pdf downloaded: 270 times
Keywords: Arduino Uno, Energy Efficiency, Lamp Dimmers, PID, Solatube Valve.


Solatube is a pipe casing used to channel sunlight from the roof of a building into an enclosed space. The advantage of using Solatube is that it can avoid excess light being directed. However, there is no mechanism for controlling the intensity of sunlight entering the room through the Solatube. By adding control settings, the intensity of incoming sunlight can be adjusted so that it can help visually comfort. It is necessary to control the opening and closing valves to adjust the power of the light produced by the Solatube and the lamp. So, it is needed to design an optimal lighting source to regulate the quantity of light received by the room and the people in the room. The paper aims to achieve good control results by valve controlling using PID control which tunes the parameter by the Genetic Algorithm. Thus, the light intensity entering the room will be stable 24 hours a day. So, that eye comfort, visual coolness and energy savings can be achieved.


A. Hodges and R. Flick, "Light Sensing Automated Blinds," Electrical Engineering Project Reports, 2017, [Online]. Available:

M. R. Nugraha and A. Adriansyah,” Development of a solar radiation sensor system with pyranometer,” International Journal of Electrical & Computer Engineering, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1385-1391, 2022.

A. Harefa, F. Feranita, and E. Ervianto, “Redesign of Artificial Lighting with Electricity Saving Aspects,” International Journal of Electrical, Energy and Power System Engineering (IJEEPSE), vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 24-29, 2020.

Y. Rahayu and M. I. Hidayat, “Bluetooth Based Home Control and Real-Time Energy Consumption Monitoring System through Smartphone,” International Journal of Electrical, Energy and Power System Engineering (IJEEPSE), vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 5-9, 2019.

A. R. Nihmiya, "Passive Daylighting Systems." Advances in Technology, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 373-376, 2021.

M. R. Nugraha and A. Adriansyah, “Optimization of sensor model for solar radiation measurement with a pyranometer,” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 739, ID: 012080, 2022.

F. A. Bohani, S. R. Yahya, and S. N. H. S. Abdullah,” Microgrid Communication and Security: State-Of-The-Art and Future Directions,” Journal of Integrated and Advanced Engineering (JIAE), vol, 1, no. 1, pp. 37-52, 2021.

A. Balabel et al., "Potential of Solatube technology as passive daylight systems for sustainable buildings in Saudi Arabia," Alexandria Engineering Journal, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 339–353, Jan. 2021.

D. A. Chi, D. Moreno, and J. Navarro, "Correlating daylight availability metric with lighting, heating and cooling energy consumptions," Building and Environment, vol. 132, pp. 170–180, Mar. 2018.

T. D. Babarinde and H. Z. Alibaba, "Achieving Visual Comfort through Solatube Daylighting Devices in Residential Buildings in Nigeria," International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 118-125, 2018.

V. Singh, V. K. Singh, and A. K. Jain, "Modifying the Design of Solar Tube to Produce Cost Effective Dispose of Sunlight in Multi-Storey Buildings Optimal operation of run off river small hydro power plants View project," International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 144-150, 2013.

B. Malet-Damour, D. Bigot, and H. Boyer. "Technological Review of Tubular Daylight Guide System from 1982 to 2020," European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 375-386, 2020.

I. L. Wong, "A review of daylighting design and implementation in buildings," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 74. pp. 959–968, 2017.

D. Susanto, G. A. F. Rahayu and Widyarko, "Daylight Analysis in Low-Cost Apartments in Jakarta," 2018 2nd International Conference on Smart Grid and Smart Cities (ICSGSC), 2018.

I. Iqbal and I. Ahmed, "Energy saving potential in buildings for Karachi climate using daylight," 2014 International Conference on Energy Systems and Policies (ICESP), 2014.

S. Ji, G. Cao, J. Zhang, F. Yu, D. Li, and J. Yu, “Lighting design of underground parking with tubular daylighting devices and LEDs,” Optik (Stuttg)., vol. 127, no. 3, pp. 1213–1216, Feb. 2016.

A. J.-W. Whang, T.-H. Yang, Z.-H. Deng, Y.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Tseng, and C.-H. Chou, "A Review of Daylighting System: For Prototype Systems Performance and Development," Energies, vol. 12, no. 15, p. 2863, Jul. 2019.

D. Fauziah, F. Hadiatna, W. Waluyo, And M. Wahyudin, “Hybrid Lighting System with Solatube for Room Without Ventilation as Smart Energy Saving,” ELKOMIKA Jurnal Teknik Energi Elektrik, Teknik Telekomunikasi, & Teknik Elektronika, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 192, Jan. 2021.

A. Alzaed and A. Balabel, "Experimental investigations of Solatube daylighting system for smart city applications in Saudi Arabia," Environmental Research Engineering and Management, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 16–23, 2020.

J. Y. Shin, G. Y. Yun, and J. T. Kim, "Evaluation of daylighting effectiveness and energy saving potentials of light-pipe systems in buildings," Indoor and Built Environment, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 129–136, Feb. 2012.

S. Gerber, A. J. Rix, and M. J. Booysen, "Combining grid-tied PV and intelligent water heater control to reduce the energy costs at schools in South Africa," Energy for Sustainable Development, vol. 50, pp. 117–125, Jun. 2019.

R. Opoku, E. A. Adjei, D. K. Ahadzie, and K. A. Agyarko, "Energy efficiency, solar energy and cost saving opportunities in public tertiary institutions in developing countries: The case of KNUST, Ghana," Alexandria Engineering Journal, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 417–428, Feb. 2020.

A. T. Ovcharov and J. N. Selyanin, “Solatube® Technology: Prospective Applications in Architecture and Building in Russia,” Light & Engineering, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 4-11, 2016.

A. S. Bachrun, C. Vidiyanti, L. H. Ismail, I. Abd. Wahab, “House's Solar Chimney a Numerical Analysis on The Thermal Performance in Jakarta,” SINERGI, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 245-252, 2020.

S. Tiwari, A. Bhatt, A. C. Unni, J. G. Singh and W. Ongsakul, "Control of DC Motor Using Genetic Algorithm Based PID Controller," 2018 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development (ICUE), 2018.

How to Cite
Setya Dwi Koerniawan, Andi Adriansyah, and A. U. Shamsudin, “Design for Optimization of Solatube Lighting System and Lights with GA-PID Controller”, IJEEPSE, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 55-60, Jun. 2022.